Ramandeep Singh Nanda

Mon 22 April 2013


ADF examining memory leaks

Developers while creating the applications often ignore guidelines of closing result sets which is the most common cause of memory leaks. In ADF applications it is the RowSetIterators that need to be closed . This scenario can easily be simulated under load testing using jmeter and turning on memory sampling in JVisualVM.  In this post i will share an example of a one page application in which there is a depiction of master detail relationship b/w a department and its employees. There is a disabled af:inputtext on the fragment that is bound to a backing bean and its getter method has code for iterating the employee table and calculating the total employee salary. Initially i have created a secondary row set iterator and left it open just to examine the memory leaks under load that occur due to this open reference. The code in the backing bean is shown below.

public Number getSum() {
    DCBindingContainer bc=(DCBindingContainer)BindingContext.getCurrent().getCurrentBindingsEntry();
    EmpVOImpl empVoImpl=(EmpVOImpl)bc.findIteratorBinding("EmpVO1Iterator").getViewObject();
    Number totalAmount=new Number(0);
    RowSetIterator it= empVoImpl.createRowSetIterator(null);
        EmpVORowImpl row=(EmpVORowImpl)it.next();
    return sum;

So to identify that you have open iterator issue, open the JVisualVM’s sampler tab and turn on memory sampling, when you do so you would see many instances of different types of classes but to identify open iterator issue you need to focus on ViewRowSetIteratorImpl instances and then to your project specific VOImpl classes through which you obtained the iterator in the first place. When ever you create a new RowSetIterator you are returned a ViewRowSetIteratorImpl class instance. As is obvious you would expect the number of instances to increase as you open the RowSetIterator instances and do not close them. Now when i ran the application under simulated load with JMeter with open iterator reference i could see the instances for ViewRowSetIteratorImpl class increase in number very quickly. So then i took a heap dump with JVisualVM and then clicked on the ViewRowSetIteratorImpl class in classes tab to open the instance view tab, then upon selecting an instance and querying for the nearest GC root (in the reference section) i could see that EmpVOImpl was holding a reference to the ViewRowSetIteratorImpl instance. You can also use OQL support in JVisualVM to find out the references which are keeping the object alive.

select  heap.livepaths(u,false) from oracle.jbo.server.ViewRowSetImpl u



After opening the EmpVOImpl instance by clicking on the node, I expanded the mviewrowset (it is a variable which holds ViewRowSetImpl  instance) and then further expanding its mViews property i could see a number of ViewRowSetIteratorImpl instances as shown below.


So to resolve this issue all i had to do was to close the open iterator by calling the closeRowSetIterator method on the RowSetIterator instance.

There are other alternatives also for identifying the problem in your source code by turning on profiling in JVisualVM but profiling on a production system is not recommended way of even approaching the issue.

The comparison b/w the application with open iterators and closed iterators is shown below.

adfmemoryleak nomemoryleakiteratorclose

In this application JMeter was used to simulate the load with loop controller configured to select different master rows so that upon selection change and partial refresh the getter method for the inputtext in backing bean was called again and again to increase the iterator instances.


The application and jmx file can be downloaded from below links

  1. JMeter test plan
  2. Application

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